Each individual’s skin is unique. It is now commonplace to assert this fact, yet often individuals who care for their skin or who wish to undergo treatments for skin rejuvenation or depigmentation purposes are often prescribed cookie-cutter treatments, or treatments based on one single method or approach.
Combination protocols and treatments on the other hand can offer many advantages. The principle is simple : associating two or more skin care techniques in order to better address the patient’s needs to obtain the best possible results with minimal patient discomfort. The idea is to take advantage of the best of each solution in order to tailor the treatment to the patient’s skin texture, pigmentation, hydration as well as patient age.
This targeted approach also allows aesthetic medicine practitioners to more effectively address different areas of our skin on our body, as they can focus on different skins depths simultaneously, depending on which kind of care the patients require, which makes for a very flexible treatment strategy. This in turn ensures that the sessions with the skin care professional are more effective and give optimized results. The doctor’s choice of treatment options and decision-making skills are then decisive for the patient in opting for the best possible, yet personalized approach. Below is a list of the main treatment tools at the aesthetic medicine practitioner’s disposal.
1. LASER-based treatments :
The first of these tools is the LASER used here for dermatological purposes. LASER is an acronym, which stands for “Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation”. Concentrated light is emitted by “pumping” photons with an energy source. Regarding the use of LASER light in skin depigmentation, the light emitted vibrates the melanin pigments in the skin and breaks them down as the light impacts them, which then allows the cells to evacuate the broken-down melanin particles and create a lighter skin tone in the treated areas.
As LASER technology involves sophisticated equipment, it should not be put in just any hands. LASERS require experienced skin care professionals who are best qualified to handle such equipment and who are trained to carefully adapt the required number and duration of sessions, in order to tailor each treatment to the specific needs of each individual patient. Whether a LASER or an IPL (or flash) lamp – respectively operating on a single wavelength or on different wavelengths – handling and operating of such devices requires caution, and patients must be warned that it can induce discomfort, a warm burning sensation is felt by the patients undergoing such treatments.
Another fact to take into account is that such treatments can also be quite costly, depending on the number of sessions required and the treatment objective ; whether it be for depilation, to reduce wrinkles and for the removal of pigmentation spots and other skin imperfections. Lastly, it is worth noting that the ideal patient type for such a treatment is white-skinned patient, and that only small skin areas can be treated. For patients with darker skin, the risk of post inflammatory hyperpigmentation is high when using such devices.
2. LED-based treatments :
Another commonly-used device for skin treatments is LED-based technologies. Also an acronym, LED means “Light-Emitting Diode”, however the operating principle is not based on a heat therapy, which means it is much more comfortable for the patient.
Depending on the color of the LEDs used, each will address a different problem : typically, red light therapy is used for anti-aging therapy : it improves blood flow, which allows for improved oxygenation and nutrient delivery to the cells in the skin and stimulates cellular metabolism. Blue light is right next to UV light on the electromagnetic spectrum and brings the antibacterial properties of UV light, without the risks associated with UV exposure. It has been shown (and is FDA approved) to kill the bacteria associated with some forms of acne (Propionibacterium acnes, or ‘P.acnes’). Green light therapy is most frequently used for skin treatments aimed at anti-aging and removal of unwanted skin pigmentation.
Other advantages of undergoing LED therapy for patients is that, beyond the fact that LEDs do not generate any heat, their use induces no known side effects, allows for all skin types to be treated, and treatments can cover large skin areas, unlike most LASERs. What’s more, they do not generate any pigmentary change or post-treatment inflammation and provide patients with a “natural”, soothing effect on their skin while they are going through sessions.
3. Dermaroller / Dermapen treatments :
The last tool frequently used by skin care professionals as part of pigmentation protocols is the dermaroller based techniques, which uses microneedles which create micro injuries to the epidermis – the outer layer of skin – and dermis, the inner layer of skin. As a result, the micro injuries stimulate the body’s innate ability to repair itself.
It is used after the application of an anesthetic cream to reduce patient discomfort. The microneedles penetrate vertically into the skin and create small, micro-skin channels, while stimulating the skin’s natural ability to heal itself and increasing the production of new collagen. Such micro-needling treatments bring, among other benefits, additional elasticity and resistance to our skin.
As always, only skilled operators should administer such treatments. The discomfort can vary depending on the depth at which the needles are set to reach into the skin, the number of sessions required, as well as individual patient sensitivity.
It is clear that skin treatment professionals have various devices at their disposal, which can be used alone or in combination with each other, depending on the treatment objective or medical procedure. This is one of the reasons why it is crucial that anyone wishing to undergo such treatments should consult only qualified and trained skin care professionals who can provide their patients with optimal mix of dermo-cosmetic techniques and treatments.
We at Nunii are proud to be a game-changer in the dermatologist’s armamentarium, since our product lines and treatments are simple to use, their base principles are safe non-irritating and our product formulations are devoid of any harmful chemicals. Indeed, when used under skin care professional prognosis and supervision, Nunii products are ideally suited to be combined with most other treatments and devices in the sector of dermo-cosmetics.